There are a variety of hernia types with different causes and symptoms. The team approach of our board-certified surgeons provides the most advanced treatment available for every type of hernia.

Types of Hernias


Inguinal Hernia

The most common type of hernia in both men and women, an inguinal hernia occurs when part of an organ protrudes through the inguinal canal.  The inguinal canal is located in the groin region where the thigh meets the lower abdomen.  There are two types of inguinal hernias, direct inguinal hernia and indirect inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernias may produce a lump in the groin region or in the scrotum.

Groin Hernia

A groin hernia is a term for a hernia that has occurred in the upper thigh and groin region.  Groin hernia can describe certain types of hernia including inguinal hernias, femoral hernias, and velpeau hernias.

Femoral Hernia

A hernia more common in women than in men, a femoral hernia occurs when part of the intestines protrudes into the area of the groin/upper-thigh that carries the femoral artery.  Women who are pregnant have a higher susceptibility of developing this type of hernia.  The femoral hernia may appear as a bulge in the upper thigh.

Umbilical Hernia

Umbilical hernias are most common in newborns and infants younger than six  months.  They can, however, develop in adults.  An umbilical hernia occurs when a part of the intestines protrude through the abdominal wall behind the belly button area.  Unlike most other types of hernias, an umbilical hernia may be able to heal on its own.  If not, surgery may be used to repair the hernia.

Symptoms include a bulge in or around the navel region along with discomfort, which may be more noticeable when straining.

Hiatal Hernia

This hernia occurs at the area of the diaphragm where the esophagus meets the stomach.  The top of the stomach passes through a weak spot of the muscles that surround that diaphragm.  Hiatal hernia symptoms include possible indigestion, heartburn, or chest pain.  A hiatal hernia may require surgery, but may sometimes be treatable with medications and a prescribed diet.

  • Hiatal Hernia and Acid Reflux – The signs and symptoms of a hiatal hernia are usually on the inside, and won’t present themselves as a bulge or lump like other hernias may.  Acid reflux, indigestion, heartburn, and difficulty swallowing are typical symptoms of a hiatal hernia.

Abdominal Hernia

The abdominal hernia is another general term that describes a range of hernia types.  An abdominal hernia develops when there is a weakness in the abdominal wall.  This allows part of the intestine or other organ to protrude through it.  Abdominal hernias include umbilical, direct and indirect inguinal, and incisional. They can also include a flank hernia.

Ventral Hernia / Incisional Hernia

These hernias can appear at the incision site of a previous abdominal surgery.  A ventral hernia can develop at practically any point after surgery.  Symptoms can include a visible lump in the abdomen and in the area of a prior surgery, and possible pain.  Various other stomach issues can be associated with ventral hernias as well.  This type of hernia can be very serious and requires immediate medical attention if suspected.

Epigastric Hernia

This type of hernia develops in the upper area of the abdomen.   These hernias may be associated with pain and tissue damage.   While most common in adults, they can affect people of all ages.  People who are obese or women who are pregnant are at a greater risk for developing an epigastric hernia.

Frequently Asked Questions

If you suspect you could be suffering from a hernia, it’s important to contact an expert physician as soon as possible to receive a proper diagnosis. Listed below are some of the most frequently asked questions we hear about hernias. Should you have additional questions, please do not hesitate to contact us today.

Q: How do I know which type of hernia I have?

A: Until one of our expert hernia surgeons are able to exam you in person, it is difficult to say which type of hernia you may be suffering from. We encourage you to contact our Hernia Center today to schedule your initial consultation.

Q: Who should perform hernia surgery?

A: Hernias are usually repairable, but need to be treated properly.  It is easy for a patient to misdiagnose a hernia as something less severe.  This is why it’s of the utmost importance that you consult a doctor at the earliest signs of a hernia.  The expert hernia specialists at Los Angeles Hernia Surgery Center are able to provide the very best, most accurate hernia treatment and care.

Q: Are there any types of hernias that do not require surgery?

A: All hernias do require medical attention. Though some may be more severe than others, it is still extremely important to see an expert. At the Los Angeles Hernia Surgery Center of Excellence, our team of world renowned doctors has the highest level of expertise required to treat all types of hernias.

Q: What are the most common types of hernias for men? For women?

A: The most common type of hernia for men and women is the inguinal hernia.  However men are much more likely to develop an inguinal hernia than women.  Hernias are more common in men, but can certainly occur in women as well.  Pregnant women are at an increased risk for hernia development.  No matter if you’re a male or female, it’s important to never discount any possible hernia warning signs.

Contact Hernia Surgery Los Angeles Today

If you’d like to schedule a consultation with a hernia expert in Los Angeles, please contact our center today by calling (888) 418-2082. During your initial consultation with one of our expert physicians, we’ll be able to conduct a proper examination in order to determine the best course of action required to put your health back on track.

For additional information, contact Hernia Surgery Los Angeles today.

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